Open Source and Free

Open source software are available in the 


1 Applied fields
1.1 Artificial intelligence

  • General
    • OpenCog A project that aims to build an artificial general intelligence (AGI) framework. OpenCog Prime is a specific set of interacting components designed to give rise to human-equivalent artificial general intelligence.
  • Computer Vision
    • AForge.NET Computer Vision, Artificial Intelligence and Robotics library for the .NET Framework
    • OpenCV Computer Vision Library in C++
  • Machine Learning
  • Planning
    • TREX Reactive planning
  • Robotics
    • ROS Robot Operating System


1.2 CAD

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1.2.1 Electronic design automation (EDA)

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1.3 Computer simulation

  • Blender; 3D modeling software written in Python and C++ that can make animations and games
  • SimPy; queue-theoretic event-based simulator written in Python
  • flightgear is an open source flight simulator written for windows,mac and linux.

1.4 Finance


1.5 Integrated Library System


1.6 Image editor
GIMP — GNU Image Manipulation Program
1.7 Mathematics
AxiomAxiom is general-purpose computer algebra system. It has been in development since 1971 by IBM, originally namedscratchpad. Richard Jenks originally headed it but over the years Barry Trager who then shaped the direction of the scratchpad project took the project. Project scratchpad was eventually sold to a numerical group called Numerical Algorithms Group (NAG) and was renamed Axiom. After a failure to launch as a product, NAG decided to release it as afree software in 2001 with more than 300 man-years worth of research involved. Axiom is licensed under a Modified BSD license.
MAXIMAThis free software had an earlier incarnation, Macsyma. Developed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1960's, it was maintained by William Schelter from 1982 to 2001. In 1998, Schelter obtained the permission to release MAXIMA as an open source software under the GNU General Public license. Subsequently, he released the source code to the world later that year. Since his passing in 2001, a group ofMAXIMA enthusiasts have continued to provide technical support.
GAPGAP was initiated by RWTH Aachen university, a research university of technology located in Germany in 1986. This was the case until in 1997, when they decided to co-develop GAP further with CIRCA (Centre for Research in Computational Algebra). Unlike MAXIMA and Axiom, GAP is a system for computational discrete algebra with particular emphasis oncomputational group theory. In March 2005 the GAP Council and the GAP developers have agreed that status and responsibilities of "GAP Headquarters" should be passed to an equal collaboration of a number of "GAP Centres", where there is permanent staff involvement and an element of collective ororganizational commitment, while fully recognizing the vital contributions of many individuals outside those Centers.
CadabraComputer Algebra System designed for the solution of thefield theory problems. An unpublished computational program written in pascal called Abra inspired this open source software.Abra was originally designed for physicists to compute problems present in Quantum Mechanics. Its original author, a man named Kespers Peeters then decided to write a similar program in C computing language rather in pascal, in which he renamed it Cadabra. However, Cadabra has been written for a wider range of uses, it is no longer restricted to physicists.
CoCoACoCoA (COmputations in COmmutative Algebra) is an open source software use for computing multivariate polynomialsinitiated in 1987. Originally written in PascalCoCoA was translated into C language.

1.8 Reference management software

1.9 Science

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1.9.1 Bioinformatics
SoftwareDescriptionPlatformLicenseDeveloper
.NET BioA language-neutral bioinformatics toolkit built using the Microsoft 4.0 .NET Framework to help developers, researchers, and scientists..NET FrameworkApache LicenseCollaborative project
AMPHORAMetagenomics analysis softwareLinuxGNU General Public LicenseDeveloper
AndurilComponent-based workflow framework for data analysisLinuxMac OS X,WindowsGPLUniversity of Helsinki
Armadillo workflow platformTool for designing and executing phylogenetic workflowsMac OS XWindowsGeneral Public Licence (GPL)Armadillo
AutoDocksuite of automated docking toolsPlatformGNU GPLDeveloper
Biochemical Algorithms Library (BALL)C++ library and framework for molecular modeling and visualization designed for rapid prototypingLinuxMac OS X,WindowsLGPLBALL project team
Bio4jBio4j is a bioinformatics platform and graph based databasebuilt around most data available in UniProt KB(Swiss-Prot +TrEMBL), Gene Ontology (GO), UniRef (50,90,100), RefSeq,NCBI taxonomy, and Expasy Enzyme DBCross-platformGPL v3Oh no sequences!
BioclipseVisual platform for chemo- and bioinformatics based on theEclipse Rich Client Platform (RCP).PlatformEclipse Public LicenseThe Bioclipse Project
BioconductorR (programming language) language toolkitLinuxMac OS X,WindowsArtistic License 2.0Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Bioinformatics Learning Tutorial (BLT)Educational interactive tutorials and 3D animations for Replication, Transcription, and TranslationWindows (stand-alone), Linux & Mac OS X (source codeonly with Qt libraries)Academic Free LicenseCollaborative project
BioHaskellHaskell (programming language)LinuxMac OS X,WindowsGPLLGPL, and BSDCollaborative project
BioJavaJava (programming language)LinuxMac OS X,WindowsLGPL v2.1Open Bioinformatics Foundation
BioMOBYregistry of web servicesWebLicenseOpen Bioinformatics Foundation
BioPerlPerl language toolkitCross-platformArtistic License &GPLOpen Bioinformatics Foundation
BioPHPPHP language toolkitPlatformLicenseOpen Bioinformatics Foundation
BiopythonPython language toolkitCross-platformBiopython LicenseOpen Bioinformatics Foundation
BioRailsdata management system designed to support researchers indrug discoveryPlatformLicenseDeveloper
BioRubyRuby language toolkitPlatformGNU GPL v2 or Ruby licenseOpen Bioinformatics Foundation
BioSmalltalkSmalltalk language toolkitCross-platformMIT licenseDeveloper
BioUnoBioUno is a project that applies Continuous Integration tools and techniques in Bioinformatics. It uses Jenkins and its plug-in API to create biology workflows and manage computer clusters.Cross-platformMIT licenseTupiLabs
caCOREontologic representation environmentPlatformLicenseNational Cancer Institute
caArrayontologic representation environmentPlatformLicenseNational Cancer Institute
EMBOSSSuite of packages for sequencing, searching, etc.PlatformGeneral Public Licence (GPL) and Library GPLCollaborative project
GaggleA framework for interoperability between systems biology softwareLinuxMac OS X,WindowsLGPLInstitute for Systems Biology
GalaxyScientific workflow and data integration systemUnix-likeLicensePenn State andEmory University
GenePatternScientific workflow system that provides access to more than 150 genomic analysis toolsUnix-like (public server); LinuxMac OS XWindowsMIT licenseBroad Institute
GeWorkbenchGenomic data integration platformLinuxMac OS X,WindowsLicenseColumbia University
GMODToolkit for addressing many common challenges at biological databases.Unix-like (server),Web browser (client)Varies depending on toolCollaborative project
GeneTalkTool for filtering sequence variants in VCF files. Network for scientists and clinicians for expertise and knowledge exchange. Database of annotations aboute sequence variants with clinically relevant information.Unix-like (server),Web browser (client),Mac OS X,FreemiumCharité
GenGISApplication that allows users to combine digital map data with information about biological sequences collected from the environment.WindowsMac OS XGPLCollaborative project
GenomeSpaceCentralized web application that provides data format transformations and facilitates connections with other bioinformatics toolsWeb browserLGPLBroad Institute, Collaborative project
GENtleAn equivalent to the proprietary Vector NTI, a tool to analyze and edit DNA sequence filesPlatformGPLMagnus Manske
Integrated Genome BrowserJava-based desktop genome browserLinuxMac OS X,WindowsCPL 1.0GenoViz
Integrative Genomics Viewer (IGV)High-performance desktop tool for interactive visual exploration of diverse genomic dataLinuxMac OS X,WindowsLGPLBroad Institute
IntActmolecular interaction databasePlatformLicenseEuropean Bioinformatics Institute
InterMineExtensive data warehouse system for the analysis and integration of biological datasetsCross-platformLGPLUniversity of Cambridge
Java Treeviewmicroarray data viewerCross-platformLicenseDeveloper
LabKey Serverplatform for integrating, analyzing and sharing dataLinuxMac OS X,WindowsApache LicenseLabKey Software Foundation
OpenClinicasoftware for capturing and managing data in clinical trialsLinuxWindowsLGPLOpenClinica
PromKappaPromKappa (Promoter analysis by Kappa) software program used for promoter pattern generation and promoter analysis.WindowsOpen accessUniversity of Bucharest
MeV: Multi-Experiment Viewera desktop application for the analysis, visualization and data-mining of large-scale genomic dataLinuxMac OS X,WindowsArtistic LicenseDana-Farber Cancer Institute
REDCRAFTsoftware for determining tertiary protein structure given assigned Residual Dipolar Coupling dataLinuxMac OS X,WindowsGPL v3REDCRAFT
SAM ToolsData format (SAM) and accompanying tool suite, for storing large nucleotide sequence alignmentsLinuxBSDMIT License1000 Genomes Project
Staden PackageSequence assembly, editing and analysis, primarily consisting of gap4, gap5 and spin.LinuxMac OS X,WindowsBSDWellcome Trust Sanger Institute / Medical Research Council
STAMPSoftware package for analyzing metagenomic profiles that promotes ‘best practices’ in choosing appropriate statistical techniques and reporting results.WindowsMac OS XGPLCollaborative project
Taverna workbenchTool for designing and executing workflowsLinuxMac OS X,WindowsLGPLmyGrid
TGAC BrowserGenome Browser, visualisation solutions for big data in the genomic eraUnix-like (server),Web browser (client)GPL V3The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC), UK
T-REX WebServerBioinformatics and phylogenetics webserver (NJ, PhyML, RAxML, MAFFT, MUSCLE, Newick viewer, Horizontal gene transfer detection, Reticulograms, Substitution models)Web platformAcademic Free LicenseT-REX
UGENEintegrated bioinformatics toolsLinuxMac OS X,WindowsGPL2 LicenseUnipro
Visomicsbioinformatics tools for omics dataWindowsApache 2.0 LicenseCollaborative Project

1.9.2 Cheminformatics


1.9.3 Geographic Information Systems

The following 40 pages are in this category, out of 40 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).

1.9.4 Grid Computing
P-GRADE Portal — Grid portal software enabling the creation, execution and monitoring of workflows through high-level Web interfaces
1.9.5 Microscope image processing


1.9.6 Molecular dynamics


1.9.7 Molecule viewer


1.9.8 Nanotechnology


1.9.9 Plotting

1.10 Statistics
1.11 Surveys
2 Assistive technology
2.1 Speech (synthesis and recognition)


2.2 Other assistive technology


3 Data storage and management

3.1 Backup software
3.2 Database management systems (including administration)
3.3 Data mining


3.4 Data Visualization Components

  • ParaView plotting and visualization functions developed by Sandia National Laboratory, capable of massively parallel flow visualization utilizing multiple computer processors
  • VTK is a toolkit for 3D computer graphics, image processing and visualization.

3.5 Disk partitioning software

3.6 Enterprise search engines


3.7 ETLs (Extract Transform Load)


3.8 File archivers
3.9 File Systems


4 Networking and Internet
4.1 Advertising
OpenX
4.2 Communication-related

  • Asterisk — Telephony and VoIP server
  • Ekiga — Video conferencing application for GNOME and Microsoft Windows
  • FreePBX — Front-end and advanced PBX configuration for Asterisk
  • FreeSWITCH — Telephony platform
  • ICTDialer — Unified autodialer application supporting sms, voice , fax broadcasting
  • ICTFax — Fax over IP application featured with email to fax and fax to email
  • Jitsi — Java VoIP and Instant Messaging client
  • OpenSER — SIP proxy server, call router, and user agent registration server.
  • QuteCom — Free Voice, Video and IM client application
  • sipX — SIP Communications Server
  • Slrn — a newsreader
  • Twinkle — VOIP softphone

4.3 E-mail
4.4 File transfer
4.5 Instant messaging
4.6 IRC Clients
4.7 Middleware


4.8 RSS/Atom readers/aggregators


4.9 Peer-to-peer file sharing

4.10 Portal Server


4.11 Remote access and management


4.12 Routing software
4.13 Web browsers
4.14 Webcam
4.15 Webgrabber
4.16 Web-related

  • Apache Cocoon — a web application framework
  • Apache — the most popular web server
  • AWStats — a log file parser and analyzer
  • BookmarkSync — a tool for browsers
  • Cherokee — Speedy, feature rich HTTP Server
  • CougarXML — a Javascript framework for parsing and manipulating XML code, based on W3C DOM Level-3 specifications.
  • curl-loader — a powerful HTTP/HTTPS/FTP/FTPS loading and testing open-source tool
  • Hiawatha — Secure, high performance and easy-to-configure HTTP Server
  • HTTP File Server — a user friendly file server software with a drag and drop interface
  • ICDL Crawling — a distributed web crawler based on Website Parse Template
  • lighttpd — Resource sparing but also fast and full featured HTTP Server
  • nginx — lightweight, high performance web server/reverse proxy and e-mail (IMAP/POP3) proxy
  • NetKernel — an internet application server
  • Piwik — a web analytics system
  • Qcodo — a PHP5 framework
  • Railo — CFML Application Server
  • Squid (software) — web proxy cache
  • XAMPP — a package of web applications including Apache and MySQL
  • Zope — a web application server

4.17 Other networking programs


5 Educational
5.1 Educational suites

  • ATutor — a web-based Learning Content Management System (LCMS)
  • Chamilo — a web-based e-learning and content management system
  • DoceboLMS
  • eFront — an icon-based learning management system
  • GCompris
  • Gnaural — Brainwave entrainment software
  • IUP Portfolio
  • ILIAS — a web-based learning management system (LMS)
  • Moodle
  • Omeka
  • openSIS — a web-based Student Information and School Management System system
  • Sakai Project — a web-based learning management system
  • SWAD - a web-based learning management system
  • Tux Paint — a paint application for 3–12 year olds

5.2 Geography
KGeography
5.3 Learning support

5.4 Language


5.5 Typing


5.6 Other educational programs
KEduca
6 File managers
7 Games
7.1 Application layer
8 Genealogy
9 Graphical user interface
9.1 Desktop environments
9.2 Window managers
9.3 Windowing system
10 Groupware
10.1 Content management systems
10.2 Wiki software
11 Healthcare software
12 Media
12.1 2D animation


12.2 3D animation


12.3 Audio editors / audio management
12.4 CD-writing software
12.5 Flash animation
12.6 Graphics
12.7 Image galleries
12.8 Image viewers


12.9 Multimedia codecs / containers / splitters
12.10 Television
12.11 Video converters


12.12 Video editing


12.13 Video encoders


12.14 Video players

12.15 Other media packages
13 Operating systems
13.1 Emulation and Virtualisation
14 Password management
15 Personal information managers


16 Programming language support
16.1 Bug trackers
16.2 Code generators


16.3 Configuration software


16.4 Debuggers (for testing and trouble-shooting)
16.5 Integrated development environments
16.6 Version control systems
17 Screensavers
18 Security
18.1 Anti-virus
18.2 Data loss prevention
18.3 Data recovery
18.3.1 Forensics
18.4 Disk erasing
18.5 Encryption
18.5.1 Disk encryption
18.6 Firewall


18.7 Network and security monitoring
18.8 Secure Shell (ssh)
18.9 Other security programs
19 Theology
19.1 Bible study tools
20 Typesetting
21 See also
21.1 General directories
22 References
23 External links
23.1 General Directories
23.2 Open source for Windows
23.3 Other directories

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